import os
import re

from django.conf import global_settings, settings
from django.contrib.sites.models import Site, RequestSite
from django.contrib.auth.models import User
from django.core import mail
from django.core.exceptions import SuspiciousOperation
from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse, NoReverseMatch
from django.http import QueryDict
from django.utils.encoding import force_text
from django.utils.html import escape
from django.utils.http import urlquote
from django.utils._os import upath
from django.test import TestCase
from django.test.utils import override_settings

from django.contrib.auth import SESSION_KEY, REDIRECT_FIELD_NAME
from django.contrib.auth.forms import (AuthenticationForm, PasswordChangeForm,
                SetPasswordForm, PasswordResetForm)
from django.contrib.auth.tests.utils import skipIfCustomUser


@override_settings(
    LANGUAGES=(
        ('en', 'English'),
    ),
    LANGUAGE_CODE='en',
    TEMPLATE_LOADERS=global_settings.TEMPLATE_LOADERS,
    TEMPLATE_DIRS=(
        os.path.join(os.path.dirname(upath(__file__)), 'templates'),
    ),
    USE_TZ=False,
    PASSWORD_HASHERS=('django.contrib.auth.hashers.SHA1PasswordHasher',),
)
class AuthViewsTestCase(TestCase):
    """
    Helper base class for all the follow test cases.
    """
    fixtures = ['authtestdata.json']
    urls = 'django.contrib.auth.tests.urls'

    def login(self, password='password'):
        response = self.client.post('/login/', {
            'username': 'testclient',
            'password': password,
            })
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith(settings.LOGIN_REDIRECT_URL))
        self.assertTrue(SESSION_KEY in self.client.session)

    def assertContainsEscaped(self, response, text, **kwargs):
        return self.assertContains(response, escape(force_text(text)), **kwargs)


@skipIfCustomUser
class AuthViewNamedURLTests(AuthViewsTestCase):
    urls = 'django.contrib.auth.urls'

    def test_named_urls(self):
        "Named URLs should be reversible"
        expected_named_urls = [
            ('login', [], {}),
            ('logout', [], {}),
            ('password_change', [], {}),
            ('password_change_done', [], {}),
            ('password_reset', [], {}),
            ('password_reset_done', [], {}),
            ('password_reset_confirm', [], {
                'uidb36': 'aaaaaaa',
                'token': '1111-aaaaa',
            }),
            ('password_reset_complete', [], {}),
        ]
        for name, args, kwargs in expected_named_urls:
            try:
                reverse(name, args=args, kwargs=kwargs)
            except NoReverseMatch:
                self.fail("Reversal of url named '%s' failed with NoReverseMatch" % name)


@skipIfCustomUser
class PasswordResetTest(AuthViewsTestCase):

    def test_email_not_found(self):
        "Error is raised if the provided email address isn't currently registered"
        response = self.client.get('/password_reset/')
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 200)
        response = self.client.post('/password_reset/', {'email': '[email protected]'})
        self.assertContainsEscaped(response, PasswordResetForm.error_messages['unknown'])
        self.assertEqual(len(mail.outbox), 0)

    def test_email_found(self):
        "Email is sent if a valid email address is provided for password reset"
        response = self.client.post('/password_reset/', {'email': '[email protected]'})
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertEqual(len(mail.outbox), 1)
        self.assertTrue("http://" in mail.outbox[0].body)
        self.assertEqual(settings.DEFAULT_FROM_EMAIL, mail.outbox[0].from_email)

    def test_email_found_custom_from(self):
        "Email is sent if a valid email address is provided for password reset when a custom from_email is provided."
        response = self.client.post('/password_reset_from_email/', {'email': '[email protected]mple.com'})
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertEqual(len(mail.outbox), 1)
        self.assertEqual("[email protected]", mail.outbox[0].from_email)

    @override_settings(ALLOWED_HOSTS=['adminsite.com'])
    def test_admin_reset(self):
        "If the reset view is marked as being for admin, the HTTP_HOST header is used for a domain override."
        response = self.client.post('/admin_password_reset/',
            {'email': '[email protected]'},
            HTTP_HOST='adminsite.com'
        )
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertEqual(len(mail.outbox), 1)
        self.assertTrue("http://adminsite.com" in mail.outbox[0].body)
        self.assertEqual(settings.DEFAULT_FROM_EMAIL, mail.outbox[0].from_email)

    # Skip any 500 handler action (like sending more mail...)
    @override_settings(DEBUG_PROPAGATE_EXCEPTIONS=True)
    def test_poisoned_http_host(self):
        "Poisoned HTTP_HOST headers can't be used for reset emails"
        # This attack is based on the way browsers handle URLs. The colon
        # should be used to separate the port, but if the URL contains an @,
        # the colon is interpreted as part of a username for login purposes,
        # making 'evil.com' the request domain. Since HTTP_HOST is used to
        # produce a meaningful reset URL, we need to be certain that the
        # HTTP_HOST header isn't poisoned. This is done as a check when get_host()
        # is invoked, but we check here as a practical consequence.
        with self.assertRaises(SuspiciousOperation):
            self.client.post('/password_reset/',
                {'email': '[email protected]'},
                HTTP_HOST='www.example:[email protected]'
            )
        self.assertEqual(len(mail.outbox), 0)

    # Skip any 500 handler action (like sending more mail...)
    @override_settings(DEBUG_PROPAGATE_EXCEPTIONS=True)
    def test_poisoned_http_host_admin_site(self):
        "Poisoned HTTP_HOST headers can't be used for reset emails on admin views"
        with self.assertRaises(SuspiciousOperation):
            self.client.post('/admin_password_reset/',
                {'email': '[email protected]'},
                HTTP_HOST='www.example:[email protected]'
            )
        self.assertEqual(len(mail.outbox), 0)

    def _test_confirm_start(self):
        # Start by creating the email
        response = self.client.post('/password_reset/', {'email': '[email protected]'})
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertEqual(len(mail.outbox), 1)
        return self._read_signup_email(mail.outbox[0])

    def _read_signup_email(self, email):
        urlmatch = re.search(r"https?://[^/]*(/.*reset/\S*)", email.body)
        self.assertTrue(urlmatch is not None, "No URL found in sent email")
        return urlmatch.group(), urlmatch.groups()[0]

    def test_confirm_valid(self):
        url, path = self._test_confirm_start()
        response = self.client.get(path)
        # redirect to a 'complete' page:
        self.assertContains(response, "Please enter your new password")

    def test_confirm_invalid(self):
        url, path = self._test_confirm_start()
        # Let's munge the token in the path, but keep the same length,
        # in case the URLconf will reject a different length.
        path = path[:-5] + ("0" * 4) + path[-1]

        response = self.client.get(path)
        self.assertContains(response, "The password reset link was invalid")

    def test_confirm_invalid_user(self):
        # Ensure that we get a 200 response for a non-existant user, not a 404
        response = self.client.get('/reset/123456-1-1/')
        self.assertContains(response, "The password reset link was invalid")

    def test_confirm_overflow_user(self):
        # Ensure that we get a 200 response for a base36 user id that overflows int
        response = self.client.get('/reset/zzzzzzzzzzzzz-1-1/')
        self.assertContains(response, "The password reset link was invalid")

    def test_confirm_invalid_post(self):
        # Same as test_confirm_invalid, but trying
        # to do a POST instead.
        url, path = self._test_confirm_start()
        path = path[:-5] + ("0" * 4) + path[-1]

        self.client.post(path, {
            'new_password1': 'anewpassword',
            'new_password2': ' anewpassword',
        })
        # Check the password has not been changed
        u = User.objects.get(email='[email protected]')
        self.assertTrue(not u.check_password("anewpassword"))

    def test_confirm_complete(self):
        url, path = self._test_confirm_start()
        response = self.client.post(path, {'new_password1': 'anewpassword',
                                           'new_password2': 'anewpassword'})
        # It redirects us to a 'complete' page:
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        # Check the password has been changed
        u = User.objects.get(email='[email protected]')
        self.assertTrue(u.check_password("anewpassword"))

        # Check we can't use the link again
        response = self.client.get(path)
        self.assertContains(response, "The password reset link was invalid")

    def test_confirm_different_passwords(self):
        url, path = self._test_confirm_start()
        response = self.client.post(path, {'new_password1': 'anewpassword',
                                           'new_password2': 'x'})
        self.assertContainsEscaped(response, SetPasswordForm.error_messages['password_mismatch'])


@override_settings(AUTH_USER_MODEL='auth.CustomUser')
class CustomUserPasswordResetTest(AuthViewsTestCase):
    fixtures = ['custom_user.json']

    def _test_confirm_start(self):
        # Start by creating the email
        response = self.client.post('/password_reset/', {'email': '[email protected]'})
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertEqual(len(mail.outbox), 1)
        return self._read_signup_email(mail.outbox[0])

    def _read_signup_email(self, email):
        urlmatch = re.search(r"https?://[^/]*(/.*reset/\S*)", email.body)
        self.assertTrue(urlmatch is not None, "No URL found in sent email")
        return urlmatch.group(), urlmatch.groups()[0]

    def test_confirm_valid_custom_user(self):
        url, path = self._test_confirm_start()
        response = self.client.get(path)
        # redirect to a 'complete' page:
        self.assertContains(response, "Please enter your new password")


@skipIfCustomUser
class ChangePasswordTest(AuthViewsTestCase):

    def fail_login(self, password='password'):
        response = self.client.post('/login/', {
            'username': 'testclient',
            'password': password,
        })
        self.assertContainsEscaped(response, AuthenticationForm.error_messages['invalid_login'] % {
                'username': User._meta.get_field('username').verbose_name
            })

    def logout(self):
        response = self.client.get('/logout/')

    def test_password_change_fails_with_invalid_old_password(self):
        self.login()
        response = self.client.post('/password_change/', {
            'old_password': 'donuts',
            'new_password1': 'password1',
            'new_password2': 'password1',
        })
        self.assertContainsEscaped(response, PasswordChangeForm.error_messages['password_incorrect'])

    def test_password_change_fails_with_mismatched_passwords(self):
        self.login()
        response = self.client.post('/password_change/', {
            'old_password': 'password',
            'new_password1': 'password1',
            'new_password2': 'donuts',
        })
        self.assertContainsEscaped(response, SetPasswordForm.error_messages['password_mismatch'])

    def test_password_change_succeeds(self):
        self.login()
        response = self.client.post('/password_change/', {
            'old_password': 'password',
            'new_password1': 'password1',
            'new_password2': 'password1',
        })
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith('/password_change/done/'))
        self.fail_login()
        self.login(password='password1')

    def test_password_change_done_succeeds(self):
        self.login()
        response = self.client.post('/password_change/', {
            'old_password': 'password',
            'new_password1': 'password1',
            'new_password2': 'password1',
        })
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith('/password_change/done/'))

    def test_password_change_done_fails(self):
        with self.settings(LOGIN_URL='/login/'):
            response = self.client.get('/password_change/done/')
            self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
            self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith('/login/?next=/password_change/done/'))


@skipIfCustomUser
class LoginTest(AuthViewsTestCase):

    def test_current_site_in_context_after_login(self):
        response = self.client.get(reverse('django.contrib.auth.views.login'))
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 200)
        if Site._meta.installed:
            site = Site.objects.get_current()
            self.assertEqual(response.context['site'], site)
            self.assertEqual(response.context['site_name'], site.name)
        else:
            self.assertIsInstance(response.context['site'], RequestSite)
        self.assertTrue(isinstance(response.context['form'], AuthenticationForm),
                     'Login form is not an AuthenticationForm')

    def test_security_check(self, password='password'):
        login_url = reverse('django.contrib.auth.views.login')

        # Those URLs should not pass the security check
        for bad_url in ('http://example.com',
                        'https://example.com',
                        'ftp://exampel.com',
                        '//example.com'):

            nasty_url = '%(url)s?%(next)s=%(bad_url)s' % {
                'url': login_url,
                'next': REDIRECT_FIELD_NAME,
                'bad_url': urlquote(bad_url),
            }
            response = self.client.post(nasty_url, {
                'username': 'testclient',
                'password': password,
            })
            self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
            self.assertFalse(bad_url in response['Location'],
                             "%s should be blocked" % bad_url)

        # These URLs *should* still pass the security check
        for good_url in ('/view/?param=http://example.com',
                         '/view/?param=https://example.com',
                         '/view?param=ftp://exampel.com',
                         'view/?param=//example.com',
                         'https:///',
                         '//testserver/',
                         '/url%20with%20spaces/'):  # see ticket #12534
            safe_url = '%(url)s?%(next)s=%(good_url)s' % {
                'url': login_url,
                'next': REDIRECT_FIELD_NAME,
                'good_url': urlquote(good_url),
            }
            response = self.client.post(safe_url, {
                    'username': 'testclient',
                    'password': password,
            })
            self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
            self.assertTrue(good_url in response['Location'],
                            "%s should be allowed" % good_url)


@skipIfCustomUser
class LoginURLSettings(AuthViewsTestCase):

    def setUp(self):
        super(LoginURLSettings, self).setUp()
        self.old_LOGIN_URL = settings.LOGIN_URL

    def tearDown(self):
        super(LoginURLSettings, self).tearDown()
        settings.LOGIN_URL = self.old_LOGIN_URL

    def get_login_required_url(self, login_url):
        settings.LOGIN_URL = login_url
        response = self.client.get('/login_required/')
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        return response['Location']

    def test_standard_login_url(self):
        login_url = '/login/'
        login_required_url = self.get_login_required_url(login_url)
        querystring = QueryDict('', mutable=True)
        querystring['next'] = '/login_required/'
        self.assertEqual(login_required_url, 'http://testserver%s?%s' %
                         (login_url, querystring.urlencode('/')))

    def test_remote_login_url(self):
        login_url = 'http://remote.example.com/login'
        login_required_url = self.get_login_required_url(login_url)
        querystring = QueryDict('', mutable=True)
        querystring['next'] = 'http://testserver/login_required/'
        self.assertEqual(login_required_url,
                         '%s?%s' % (login_url, querystring.urlencode('/')))

    def test_https_login_url(self):
        login_url = 'https:///login/'
        login_required_url = self.get_login_required_url(login_url)
        querystring = QueryDict('', mutable=True)
        querystring['next'] = 'http://testserver/login_required/'
        self.assertEqual(login_required_url,
                         '%s?%s' % (login_url, querystring.urlencode('/')))

    def test_login_url_with_querystring(self):
        login_url = '/login/?pretty=1'
        login_required_url = self.get_login_required_url(login_url)
        querystring = QueryDict('pretty=1', mutable=True)
        querystring['next'] = '/login_required/'
        self.assertEqual(login_required_url, 'http://testserver/login/?%s' %
                         querystring.urlencode('/'))

    def test_remote_login_url_with_next_querystring(self):
        login_url = 'http://remote.example.com/login/'
        login_required_url = self.get_login_required_url('%s?next=/default/' %
                                                         login_url)
        querystring = QueryDict('', mutable=True)
        querystring['next'] = 'http://testserver/login_required/'
        self.assertEqual(login_required_url, '%s?%s' % (login_url,
                                                    querystring.urlencode('/')))


@skipIfCustomUser
class LogoutTest(AuthViewsTestCase):

    def confirm_logged_out(self):
        self.assertTrue(SESSION_KEY not in self.client.session)

    def test_logout_default(self):
        "Logout without next_page option renders the default template"
        self.login()
        response = self.client.get('/logout/')
        self.assertContains(response, 'Logged out')
        self.confirm_logged_out()

    def test_14377(self):
        # Bug 14377
        self.login()
        response = self.client.get('/logout/')
        self.assertTrue('site' in response.context)

    def test_logout_with_overridden_redirect_url(self):
        # Bug 11223
        self.login()
        response = self.client.get('/logout/next_page/')
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith('/somewhere/'))

        response = self.client.get('/logout/next_page/?next=/login/')
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith('/login/'))

        self.confirm_logged_out()

    def test_logout_with_next_page_specified(self):
        "Logout with next_page option given redirects to specified resource"
        self.login()
        response = self.client.get('/logout/next_page/')
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith('/somewhere/'))
        self.confirm_logged_out()

    def test_logout_with_redirect_argument(self):
        "Logout with query string redirects to specified resource"
        self.login()
        response = self.client.get('/logout/?next=/login/')
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith('/login/'))
        self.confirm_logged_out()

    def test_logout_with_custom_redirect_argument(self):
        "Logout with custom query string redirects to specified resource"
        self.login()
        response = self.client.get('/logout/custom_query/?follow=/somewhere/')
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
        self.assertTrue(response['Location'].endswith('/somewhere/'))
        self.confirm_logged_out()

    def test_security_check(self, password='password'):
        logout_url = reverse('django.contrib.auth.views.logout')

        # Those URLs should not pass the security check
        for bad_url in ('http://example.com',
                        'https://example.com',
                        'ftp://exampel.com',
                        '//example.com'):
            nasty_url = '%(url)s?%(next)s=%(bad_url)s' % {
                'url': logout_url,
                'next': REDIRECT_FIELD_NAME,
                'bad_url': urlquote(bad_url),
            }
            self.login()
            response = self.client.get(nasty_url)
            self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
            self.assertFalse(bad_url in response['Location'],
                             "%s should be blocked" % bad_url)
            self.confirm_logged_out()

        # These URLs *should* still pass the security check
        for good_url in ('/view/?param=http://example.com',
                         '/view/?param=https://example.com',
                         '/view?param=ftp://exampel.com',
                         'view/?param=//example.com',
                         'https:///',
                         '//testserver/',
                         '/url%20with%20spaces/'):  # see ticket #12534
            safe_url = '%(url)s?%(next)s=%(good_url)s' % {
                'url': logout_url,
                'next': REDIRECT_FIELD_NAME,
                'good_url': urlquote(good_url),
            }
            self.login()
            response = self.client.get(safe_url)
            self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 302)
            self.assertTrue(good_url in response['Location'],
                            "%s should be allowed" % good_url)
            self.confirm_logged_out()

@skipIfCustomUser
class ChangelistTests(AuthViewsTestCase):
    urls = 'django.contrib.auth.tests.urls_admin'

    # #20078 - users shouldn't be allowed to guess password hashes via
    # repeated password__startswith queries.
    def test_changelist_disallows_password_lookups(self):
        # Make me a superuser before loging in.
        User.objects.filter(username='testclient').update(is_staff=True, is_superuser=True)
        self.login()

        # A lookup that tries to filter on password isn't OK
        with self.assertRaises(SuspiciousOperation):
            response = self.client.get('/admin/auth/user/?password__startswith=sha1$')