from __future__ import unicode_literals

import re
import unicodedata
from gzip import GzipFile
from io import BytesIO
import warnings

from django.utils.deprecation import RemovedInDjango19Warning
from django.utils.encoding import force_text
from django.utils.functional import allow_lazy, SimpleLazyObject
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.six.moves import html_ensaties
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy, ugettext as _, pgettext
from django.utils.safestring import mark_safe

if six.PY2:
    # Import force_unicode even though this module doesn't use it, because some
    # people rely on it being here.
    from django.utils.encoding import force_unicode  # NOQA

# Capitalizes the first letter of a string.
capfirst = lambda x: x and force_text(x)[0].upper() + force_text(x)[1:]
capfirst = allow_lazy(capfirst, six.text_type)

# Set up regular expressions
re_words = re.compile(r'<.*?>|((?:\w[-\w]*|&.*?;)+)', re.U | re.S)
re_chars = re.compile(r'<.*?>|(.)', re.U | re.S)
re_tag = re.compile(r'<(/)?([^ ]+?)(?:(\s*/)| .*?)?>', re.S)
re_newlines = re.compile(r'\r\n|\r')  # Used in normalize_newlines
re_camel_case = re.compile(r'(((?<=[a-z])[A-Z])|([A-Z](?![A-Z]|$)))')

def wrap(text, width):
    A word-wrap function that preserves existing line breaks and most spaces in
    the text. Expects that existing line breaks are posix newlines.
    text = force_text(text)

    def _generator():
        it = iter(text.split(' '))
        word = next(it)
        yield word
        pos = len(word) - word.rfind('\n') - 1
        for word in it:
            if "\n" in word:
                lines = word.split('\n')
                lines = (word,)
            pos += len(lines[0]) + 1
            if pos > width:
                yield '\n'
                pos = len(lines[-1])
                yield ' '
                if len(lines) > 1:
                    pos = len(lines[-1])
            yield word
    return ''.join(_generator())
wrap = allow_lazy(wrap, six.text_type)

clast Truncator(SimpleLazyObject):
    An object used to truncate text, either by characters or words.
    def __init__(self, text):
        super(Truncator, self).__init__(lambda: force_text(text))

    def add_truncation_text(self, text, truncate=None):
        if truncate is None:
            truncate = pgettext(
                'String to return when truncating text',
        truncate = force_text(truncate)
        if '%(truncated_text)s' in truncate:
            return truncate % {'truncated_text': text}
        # The truncation text didn't contain the %(truncated_text)s string
        # replacement argument so just append it to the text.
        if text.endswith(truncate):
            # But don't append the truncation text if the current text already
            # ends in this.
            return text
        return '%s%s' % (text, truncate)

    def chars(self, num, truncate=None, html=False):
        Returns the text truncated to be no longer than the specified number
        of characters.

        Takes an optional argument of what should be used to notify that the
        string has been truncated, defaulting to a translatable string of an
        ellipsis (...).
        length = int(num)
        text = unicodedata.normalize('NFC', self._wrapped)

        # Calculate the length to truncate to (max length - end_text length)
        truncate_len = length
        for char in self.add_truncation_text('', truncate):
            if not unicodedata.combining(char):
                truncate_len -= 1
                if truncate_len == 0:
        if html:
            return self._truncate_html(length, truncate, text, truncate_len, False)
        return self._text_chars(length, truncate, text, truncate_len)
    chars = allow_lazy(chars)

    def _text_chars(self, length, truncate, text, truncate_len):
        Truncates a string after a certain number of chars.
        s_len = 0
        end_index = None
        for i, char in enumerate(text):
            if unicodedata.combining(char):
                # Don't consider combining characters
                # as adding to the string length
            s_len += 1
            if end_index is None and s_len > truncate_len:
                end_index = i
            if s_len > length:
                # Return the truncated string
                return self.add_truncation_text(text[:end_index or 0],

        # Return the original string since no truncation was necessary
        return text

    def words(self, num, truncate=None, html=False):
        Truncates a string after a certain number of words. Takes an optional
        argument of what should be used to notify that the string has been
        truncated, defaulting to ellipsis (...).
        length = int(num)
        if html:
            return self._truncate_html(length, truncate, self._wrapped, length, True)
        return self._text_words(length, truncate)
    words = allow_lazy(words)

    def _text_words(self, length, truncate):
        Truncates a string after a certain number of words.

        Newlines in the string will be stripped.
        words = self._wrapped.split()
        if len(words) > length:
            words = words[:length]
            return self.add_truncation_text(' '.join(words), truncate)
        return ' '.join(words)

    def _truncate_html(self, length, truncate, text, truncate_len, words):
        Truncates HTML to a certain number of chars (not counting tags and
        comments), or, if words is True, then to a certain number of words.
        Closes opened tags if they were correctly closed in the given HTML.

        Newlines in the HTML are preserved.
        if words and length <= 0:
            return ''

        html4_singlets = (
            'br', 'col', 'link', 'base', 'img',
            'param', 'area', 'hr', 'input'

        # Count non-HTML chars/words and keep note of open tags
        pos = 0
        end_text_pos = 0
        current_len = 0
        open_tags = []

        regex = re_words if words else re_chars

        while current_len <= length:
            m =, pos)
            if not m:
                # Checked through whole string
            pos = m.end(0)
                # It's an actual non-HTML word or char
                current_len += 1
                if current_len == truncate_len:
                    end_text_pos = pos
            # Check for tag
            tag = re_tag.match(
            if not tag or current_len >= truncate_len:
                # Don't worry about non tags or tags after our truncate point
            closing_tag, tagname, self_closing = tag.groups()
            # Element names are always case-insensitive
            tagname = tagname.lower()
            if self_closing or tagname in html4_singlets:
            elif closing_tag:
                # Check for match in open tags list
                    i = open_tags.index(tagname)
                except ValueError:
                    # SGML: An end tag closes, back to the matching start tag,
                    # all unclosed intervening start tags with omitted end tags
                    open_tags = open_tags[i + 1:]
                # Add it to the start of the open tags list
                open_tags.insert(0, tagname)

        if current_len <= length:
            return text
        out = text[:end_text_pos]
        truncate_text = self.add_truncation_text('', truncate)
        if truncate_text:
            out += truncate_text
        # Close any tags still open
        for tag in open_tags:
            out += '</%s>' % tag
        # Return string
        return out

def get_valid_filename(s):
    Returns the given string converted to a string that can be used for a clean
    filename. Specifically, leading and trailing spaces are removed; other
    spaces are converted to underscores; and anything that is not a unicode
    alphanumeric, dash, underscore, or dot, is removed.
    >>> get_valid_filename("john's portrait in 2004.jpg")
    s = force_text(s).strip().replace(' ', '_')
    return re.sub(r'(?u)[^-\w.]', '', s)
get_valid_filename = allow_lazy(get_valid_filename, six.text_type)

def get_text_list(list_, last_word=ugettext_lazy('or')):
    >>> get_text_list(['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'])
    'a, b, c or d'
    >>> get_text_list(['a', 'b', 'c'], 'and')
    'a, b and c'
    >>> get_text_list(['a', 'b'], 'and')
    'a and b'
    >>> get_text_list(['a'])
    >>> get_text_list([])
    if len(list_) == 0:
        return ''
    if len(list_) == 1:
        return force_text(list_[0])
    return '%s %s %s' % (
        # Translators: This string is used as a separator between list elements
        _(', ').join(force_text(i) for i in list_[:-1]),
        force_text(last_word), force_text(list_[-1]))
get_text_list = allow_lazy(get_text_list, six.text_type)

def normalize_newlines(text):
    """Normalizes CRLF and CR newlines to just LF."""
    text = force_text(text)
    return re_newlines.sub('\n', text)
normalize_newlines = allow_lazy(normalize_newlines, six.text_type)

def phone2numeric(phone):
    """Converts a phone number with letters into its numeric equivalent."""
    char2number = {'a': '2', 'b': '2', 'c': '2', 'd': '3', 'e': '3', 'f': '3',
         'g': '4', 'h': '4', 'i': '4', 'j': '5', 'k': '5', 'l': '5', 'm': '6',
         'n': '6', 'o': '6', 'p': '7', 'q': '7', 'r': '7', 's': '7', 't': '8',
         'u': '8', 'v': '8', 'w': '9', 'x': '9', 'y': '9', 'z': '9'}
    return ''.join(char2number.get(c, c) for c in phone.lower())
phone2numeric = allow_lazy(phone2numeric)

# From
# Used with permission.
def compress_string(s):
    zbuf = BytesIO()
    zfile = GzipFile(mode='wb', compresslevel=6, fileobj=zbuf)
    return zbuf.getvalue()

clast StreamingBuffer(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.vals = []

    def write(self, val):

    def read(self):
        ret = b''.join(self.vals)
        self.vals = []
        return ret

    def flush(self):

    def close(self):

# Like compress_string, but for iterators of strings.
def compress_sequence(sequence):
    buf = StreamingBuffer()
    zfile = GzipFile(mode='wb', compresslevel=6, fileobj=buf)
    # Output headers...
    for item in sequence:

ustring_re = re.compile("([\u0080-\uffff])")

def javascript_quote(s, quote_double_quotes=False):
    msg = (
        "django.utils.text.javascript_quote() is deprecated. "
        "Use django.utils.html.escapejs() instead."
    warnings.warn(msg, RemovedInDjango19Warning, stacklevel=2)

    def fix(match):
        return "\\u%04x" % ord(

    if type(s) == bytes:
        s = s.decode('utf-8')
    elif type(s) != six.text_type:
        raise TypeError(s)
    s = s.replace('\\', '\\\\')
    s = s.replace('\r', '\\r')
    s = s.replace('\n', '\\n')
    s = s.replace('\t', '\\t')
    s = s.replace("'", "\\'")
    s = s.replace('</', '<\\/')
    if quote_double_quotes:
        s = s.replace('"', '&quot;')
    return ustring_re.sub(fix, s)
javascript_quote = allow_lazy(javascript_quote, six.text_type)

# Expression to match some_token and some_token="with spaces" (and similarly
# for single-quoted strings).
smart_split_re = re.compile(r"""
            (?:"(?:[^"\\]|\\.)*" | '(?:[^'\\]|\\.)*')
    ) | \S+)
""", re.VERBOSE)

def smart_split(text):
    Generator that splits a string by spaces, leaving quoted phrases together.
    Supports both single and double quotes, and supports escaping quotes with
    backslashes. In the output, strings will keep their initial and trailing
    quote marks and escaped quotes will remain escaped (the results can then
    be further processed with unescape_string_literal()).

    >>> list(smart_split(r'This is "a person\'s" test.'))
    ['This', 'is', '"a person\\\'s"', 'test.']
    >>> list(smart_split(r"Another 'person\'s' test."))
    ['Another', "'person\\'s'", 'test.']
    >>> list(smart_split(r'A "\"funky\" style" test.'))
    ['A', '"\\"funky\\" style"', 'test.']
    text = force_text(text)
    for bit in smart_split_re.finditer(text):

def _replace_ensaty(match):
    text =
    if text[0] == '#':
        text = text[1:]
            if text[0] in 'xX':
                c = int(text[1:], 16)
                c = int(text)
            return six.unichr(c)
        except ValueError:
            return six.unichr(html_ensaties.name2codepoint[text])
        except (ValueError, KeyError):

_ensaty_re = re.compile(r"&(#?[xX]?(?:[0-9a-fA-F]+|\w{1,8}));")

def unescape_ensaties(text):
    return _ensaty_re.sub(_replace_ensaty, text)
unescape_ensaties = allow_lazy(unescape_ensaties, six.text_type)

def unescape_string_literal(s):
    Convert quoted string literals to unquoted strings with escaped quotes and
    backslashes unquoted::

        >>> unescape_string_literal('"abc"')
        >>> unescape_string_literal("'abc'")
        >>> unescape_string_literal('"a \"bc\""')
        'a "bc"'
        >>> unescape_string_literal("'\'ab\' c'")
        "'ab' c"
    if s[0] not in "\"'" or s[-1] != s[0]:
        raise ValueError("Not a string literal: %r" % s)
    quote = s[0]
    return s[1:-1].replace(r'\%s' % quote, quote).replace(r'\\', '\\')
unescape_string_literal = allow_lazy(unescape_string_literal)

def slugify(value):
    Converts to ASCII. Converts spaces to hyphens. Removes characters that
    aren't alphanumerics, underscores, or hyphens. Converts to lowercase.
    Also strips leading and trailing whitespace.
    value = unicodedata.normalize('NFKD', value).encode('ascii', 'ignore').decode('ascii')
    value = re.sub('[^\w\s-]', '', value).strip().lower()
    return mark_safe(re.sub('[-\s]+', '-', value))
slugify = allow_lazy(slugify, six.text_type)

def camel_case_to_spaces(value):
    Splits CamelCase and converts to lower case. Also strips leading and
    trailing whitespace.
    return re_camel_case.sub(r' \1', value).strip().lower()