Increasing Subsequences – Leetcode

Given an integer array, your task is to find all the different possible increasing subsequences of the given array, and the length of an increasing subsequence should be at least 2

Example
Input: [4, 6, 7, 7]
Output:  [[4, 6], [4, 6, 7], [4, 6, 7, 7], [4, 7], [4, 7, 7], [6, 7], [6, 7, 7], [7, 7]]

Note:

  1. The length of the given array will not exceed 15.
  2. The range of integer in the given array is [-100,100].
  3. The given array may contain duplicates, and two equal integers should also be considered as a special case of increasing sequence.

Solution

So the solution here will be start with the each number in the input array and build the increasing non-duplicate subsequences. Like when we start with 4 and try to build subsequences around 4, we will get [4, 6], [4, 6, 7], [4, 6, 7, 7], [4, 7], [4, 7, 7] . We will be using recursion to achieve the desired results

package com.programtalk.learn.interview.questions;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * 
 * @author programtalk.com
 *
 */
public class IncreasingSubsequencesSolution {
	
	public List<List<Integer>> findSubsequences(int[] input) {
		List<List<Integer>> result = new ArrayList<>();
		findSequence(result, new ArrayList<Integer>(), input, 0);
		return result;
	}

	private void findSequence(List<List<Integer>> result, List<Integer> list, int[] nums, int id) {
		if (list.size() >= 2) {
			// add the created subsequences to the result
			result.add(new ArrayList<Integer>(list));
		}
		List<Integer> unique = new ArrayList<Integer>();
		for (int i = id; i < nums.length; i++) { if (id > 0 && nums[i] < nums[id - 1]) {
				// we need increasing numbers or equal numbers
				continue; 
			}
			if (unique.contains(nums[i])) {
				// skip duplicates for subsequences
				continue; 
			}
			unique.add(nums[i]);
			list.add(nums[i]);
			findSequence(result, list, nums, i + 1);
			list.remove(list.size() - 1);
		}
	}
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int[] input = {4,6,7,7};
		List<List<Integer>> subsequences = new IncreasingSubsequencesSolution().findSubsequences(input);
		System.out.println(subsequences);
	}
	
}

References

https://leetcode.com/problems/increasing-subsequences/

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One Comment

  1. Ashish Ratan

    The program should not compile.
    You can not add int in array List type of Integer. e.g. unique.add(nums[i]); // compile time error

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